Quick Answer: Why do planes fly in the stratosphere?

Commercial jet aircraft fly in the lower stratosphere to avoid the turbulence which is common in the troposphere below. The stratosphere is very dry; air there contains little water vapor. … Because of this, jet aircraft and weather balloons reach their maximum operational altitudes within the stratosphere.

Why do planes fly above the troposphere?

You’ll probably discover that it flies somewhere in the troposphere, which is important for two reasons: the air is thin enough to minimize drag, yet it’s also thick enough to produce an adequate amount of lift. For these reasons, commercial jets almost always fly in the troposphere.

Do passenger planes fly in the stratosphere?

Commercial aircraft typically prefer to travel in the stratosphere which has less turbulence and air traffic. Flying in the stratosphere also means that pilots have more time to handle the difficult situation compared to those flying at lower altitudes.

Do planes cruise in the stratosphere?

Aircraft in the Stratosphere

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Commercial airliners generally reach their cruising altitude in the lower levels of the stratosphere at an altitude between 30,000 and 39,000 feet. … The stratosphere is the layer of the Earth’s atmosphere where most aircraft reach their cruising altitude.

Why do planes do not fly over the Pacific?

The primary reason airplanes don’t fly over the Pacific Ocean is because curved routes are shorter than straight routes. Flat maps are somewhat confusing because the Earth itself isn’t flat. Rather, it’s spherical. As a result, straight routes don’t offer the shortest distance between two locations.

Why passenger planes fly close to the tropopause?

You’ll probably discover that it flies somewhere in the troposphere, which is important for two reasons: the air is thin enough to minimize drag, yet it’s also thick enough to produce an adequate amount of lift. For these reasons, commercial jets almost always fly in the troposphere.

Why is the stratosphere important?

The stratosphere is where you’ll find the very important ozone layer. The ozone layer helps protect us from ultraviolet radiation (UV) from the sun. In fact, the ozone layer absorbs most of the UV radiation the sun sends to us. Life as we know it wouldn’t be possible without this layer of protection.

Why can’t planes fly in the stratosphere?

You won’t find any light aircraft flying in the stratosphere. This is because they lack pressurized cabins and are unable to operate at higher altitudes. Light aircraft stick to the troposphere and within an altitude range of about 10,000 feet.

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What does the tropopause do?

The tropopause is the boundary that demarcates the troposphere from the stratosphere, and is the part of the atmosphere where there occurs an abrupt change in the environmental lapse rate (ELR), from a positive rate in the troposphere to a negative rate in the stratosphere.

Can planes fly in the thermosphere?

The thermosphere is one of the layers in the atmosphere. Too thin for planes to fly and too cold for humans to survive. … However, they are not the only things that happen in the thermosphere. The International Space Station also orbits the Earth in this layer.

Do planes fly above the ozone layer?

Planes fly in the second layer of the atmosphere called the stratosphere. The stratosphere is the second layer of the atmosphere and the one where the ozone layer is formed and where the planes fly in.

What burns up in the mesosphere?

The mesosphere is 22 miles (35 kilometers) thick. … Those meteors are burning up in the mesosphere. The meteors make it through the exosphere and thermosphere without much trouble because those layers don’t have much air. But when they hit the mesosphere, there are enough gases to cause friction and create heat.

What can fly in the thermosphere?

At present, the only vehicles that can travel in this layer of our atmosphere, at an altitude between 50 and 80 kilometres, are rockets destined for space. Aeroplanes and other modern aircraft can’t fly above 50 kilometres because the lower air density at these altitudes doesn’t allow for sufficient lift.

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Can a plane fly over Mount Everest?

Tim Morgan, a commercial pilot writing for Quora says aircraft can fly above 40,000 feet, and hence it is possible to fly over Mount Everest which stands at 29,031.69 feet. However, typical flight routes do not travel above Mount Everest as the mountains create unforgiving weather.

Do you fly faster against Earth Rotation?

At the equator, the Earth spins about twice as fast as a commercial jet can fly. That rate slows the closer you get to the poles, but regardless, it’s always going to be faster than a plane.

Can a helicopter fly across the Atlantic?

A helicopter can fly across the Atlantic – and this has been achieved several times. The first transatlantic helicopter flight took place in 1952. The first non-stop transatlantic helicopter flight took place in 1967.