What are the 5 basic parts of an airplane?

What are the 5 main parts of a plane?

Airplanes are not all alike, but they are comprised of basic components. The main sections of an airplane include the fuselage, wings, cockpit, engine, propeller, tail assembly, and landing gear.

What are all of the parts of a plane?

The airplane has six main parts—fuselage, wings, stabilizer (or tail plane), rudder, one or more engines, and landing gear. The fuselage is the main body of the machine, customarily streamlined in form. It usually contains control equipment, and space for passengers and cargo.

What are 5 major parts of airframe of a fixed wing aircraft?

The airframe of a fixed-wing aircraft consists of five principal units: the fuselage, wings, stabilizers, flight control surfaces, and landing gear. [Figure 1-13] Helicopter airframes consist of the fuselage, main rotor and related gearbox, tail rotor (on helicopters with a single main rotor), and the landing gear.

What are the four basic parts of an airplane?

Parts of an Airplane and Their Function

  • Fuselage. The plane’s body, or fuselage, holds the aircraft together, with pilots sitting at the front of the fuselage, passengers and cargo in the back.
  • Cockpit. …
  • Wings. …
  • Tail (Empennage) …
  • Engine(s) …
  • Propeller. …
  • Landing Gear.
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What is basic aircraft system?

This chapter covers the primary systems found on most aircraft. These include the engine, propeller, induction, ignition, as well as the fuel, lubrication, cooling, electrical, landing gear, and environmental control systems. An aircraft engine, or powerplant, produces thrust to propel an aircraft.

What is the nose of a plane called?

The nose of the aircraft, the “radar dome,” is made of a fiberglass composite. But if even tiniest imperfections arise during production — if, for instance, little foreign particles, drops of water or air bubbles become enclosed in the resin — over time they can cause fine cracks through which moisture can seep.

What is the main part of a plane?

The fuselage is basically considered to be the main body of the airplane. It stretches from one end to the other, large enough to contain the pilot’s cockpit at the front and gradually tightening as it approaches the tail.

What are 3 major parts of the wing?

The principal structural parts of the wing are spars, ribs, and stringers.

What are the interior parts of aircraft?

The cabin of an aircraft is a vital section of the interiors of a plane, comprising various advanced plastic materials. Interior components include seats, composite panels, in-flight entertainment system, windows, windscreens, bins, and the lighting system.

What is the PAVE checklist?

The PAVE checklist is a great way to evaluate your personal minimums and hazards you could experience when flying. Each letter stands for a different risk when flying; Personal/Pilot, Aircraft, EnVironment, and External Pressures. These are the factors a pilot must take into account when making their decision to fly.


What are the different parts of a wing?

The principal structural parts of the wing are spars, ribs, and stringers. [Figure 2-7] These are reinforced by trusses, I-beams, tubing, or other devices, including the skin. The wing ribs determine the shape and thickness of the wing (airfoil).

What are the types of aircraft?

19 Different Types of Airplanes that Dominate the Skies

  • Turboprop Aircraft.
  • Piston Aircraft.
  • Jets. Light Jets. Mid-Size Jets. Jumbo Jets. Regional Jets.
  • Narrow Body Aircraft.
  • Wide Body Airliners.
  • Regional, Short-Haul, Federline Aircraft.
  • Commuter liners.
  • Airbus.

What is aircraft structure?

An aircraft structure is a lightweight structural ecosystem made from circular frames, linear stringers, and skin panels – either machined or formed from sheet metal. Each structural component must be manufactured and accurately assembled to become the safe modern aircraft we fly in today.