The fuselage is the central body of an airplane and is designed to accommodate the crew, passengers, and cargo. It also provides the structural connection for the wings and tail assembly. Older types of aircraft design utilized an open truss structure constructed of wood, steel, or aluminum tubing.
What structure is a airplane?
The mechanical structure of an aircraft is known as the airframe. This structure is typically considered to include the fuselage, undercarriage, empennage and wings, and excludes the propulsion system.
What is structural system in aircraft?
The airframe of a fixed-wing aircraft consists of five principal units: the fuselage, wings, stabilizers, flight control surfaces, and landing gear. … Structural members of an aircraft’s fuselage include stringers, longerons, ribs, bulkheads, and more. The main structural member in a wing is called the wing spar.
What is primary structure of aircraft?
Primary Structure. Primary structure is that structure which carries flight, ground, or pressurization loads, and whose failure would reduce the structural integrity of the airplane.
How do you categorize an airplane?
There are seven categories of aircraft, which may be further subdivided into two or more classes:
- airplane category. single-engine land class. …
- rotorcraft category. helicopter class. …
- powered lift category.
- glider category.
- lighter than air category. airship class. …
- powered parachute category. …
- weight-shift-control aircraft category.
What is aircraft tertiary structure?
tertiary structure, in which failure would not significantly affect operation of the aircraft. … Structures containing this type of damage are capable of sustaining the ultimate load for the life of the aircraft structure.
What is the body of an airplane called?
The fuselage or body of the airplane, holds all the pieces together. The pilots sit in the cockpit at the front of the fuselage. Passengers and cargo are carried in the rear of the fuselage.
What are secondary structures of an aircraft?
- Primary: ailerons, elevator, rudders.
- Secondary: movable trim tabs located on the primary flight control surfaces.
- Auxiliary: wing flaps, spoilers, speed brakes and slats.
What is aircraft zoning?
Zones are designated physical areas of an aircraft that identify where maintenance activities occur. A maintenance task can span multiple zones. In the Zones application, you can create, delete, or activate zones on an aircraft.
What are the different structural components of airplanes characterize each component?
5 Main Components of an Aircraft
- Fuselage. The fuselage is one of the major aircraft components with its long hollow tube that’s also known as the body of the airplane, which holds the passengers along with cargo. …
- Wings. …
- Empennage. …
- Power Plant. …
- Landing Gear.
What are the three categories of aircraft?
What are the three categories of aircraft? – Small, Large and Heavy. – Category S, Category L, Category H.
What is propulsion system in aircraft?
An aircraft propulsion system comprises an engine and a propeller or a propulsive nozzle which converts motion from an engine and generates thrust. NASA defines the propulsion as a machine that produces thrust to push an object forward.
What is aircraft type?
Aircraft Types Definition:
As used concerning the certification, ratings, privileges, and limitations of airmen, it means a specific make and basic aircraft model, including modifications that do not change its handling or flight characteristics.
What is a Category A aircraft?
Category A: Speed 90 knots or less. Category B: Between 91 and 120 knots. Category C: Between 121 and 140 knots.
What is a Category 1 aircraft?
“Category I (CAT I) operation” means a precision instrument approach and landing with a decision height not lower than 200 f. Page 1. “Category I (CAT I) operation” means a precision instrument approach and landing with a. decision height not lower than 200 feet (60 meters) and with either a visibility of not less than.